Powers’ Regiment Mississippi & Louisiana Cavalry
(afterward, 23rd Battalion Mississippi Cavalry)
(from Dunbar Rowland’s “Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898”; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howell’s “For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’)
MISSISSIPPI COMPANIES IN POWERS’ MS & LA REGIMENT CAVALRY:
Captain Terry’s Company -- raised in Copiah County, MS
Captain Wolff’s Company -- raised in Copiah, Hinds, & Scott Counties, MS
Owen’s Scouts -- raised in Claiborne, Copiah, Hinds, & Jefferson Counties, MS
[The other companies in Powers’ Regiment were from Louisiana.]
May 15, 1863, General Gardner ordered Col. Frank P. Powers, of the Fourteenth Arkansas, to report at Olive Branch, La., to Col. J. L. Logan, and take command of the cavalry at that place. With this command he took part in the engagements during the siege of Port Hudson and after, including Plains' Store, the three days' fight from Olive Branch to Clinton, La., and other encounters at Clinton, Jackson and Red Wood. Federal scouts reported him, with a considerable command, at Woodville, Miss., in December. Col. Edward Dillon, commanding in that region, reported December 27, that it would be desirable to "muster into companies and organize a regiment and battalion of the men that have been assembled by Colonel Powers with that expectation."
This regiment included three Mississippi companies.. The regiment is mentioned in the official reports as part of Co1. John S. Scott’s Brigade, spring of 1864. It was employed in April in the campaign against deserters and insurgents on Honey Island and vicinity. May 24, 1864, headquarters, Camp Polk, La. Powers' Regiment of Cavalry, present, 310; enrolled, 803; taken prisoner, 36. June 1 -- Powers' Louisiana and Mississippi Regiment, Co1. Frank P. Powers, Scott's Brigade, Wirt Adams' Cavalry.
When General Slocum made his expedition from Vicksburg to Jackson, in July, 1864, Scott and Powers moved at the call of General Adams, and skirmished with the advancing enemy near Clinton. Slocum pushed on and occupied Jackson July 5, and Adams collected the Scott and Powers Regiments and Gholson's Brigade, north of the city, and moved to intercept Slocum on the retreat to Clinton, bringing on the engagements of July 6-7. The enemy was severely punished and Scott and Powers pursued as far as Edwards. In August and October part of the command skirmished near Woodville and Bayou Sara. During the Federal raid from Baton Rouge to Brookhaven in November, 1864, Powers was in the field attempting to attack a portion of the Federal command at Summit, but failed to overtake them.
By order of November 21, 1864, the three Mississippi companies were detached as the Twenty-third Battalion, which see.
COMPANIES IN THE 23RD BATTALION MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY:
Company A -- Captain Terry’s Company (raised in Copiah County, MS)
Company B -- Captain Sessions’ Company (county of origin unspecified)
Company C -- Owen’s Scouts (raised in Claiborne, Copiah, Hinds, & Jefferson Counties, MS)
Company D -- Bate’s Company (county of origin unspecified)
TWENTY-THIRD BATTALION MISSISSIPPI CAVALRY
Major-- Joseph S. Terry,
Order of War Department, November 21, 1864: "The three companies now serving in the organization known as Powers' Regiment of Cavalry are hereby organized into a battalion, to be known as the Twenty-third Mississippi Battalion."
See Powers' Regiment. The battalion was assigned to Wirt Adams’ Brigade in February, 1865. See Wirt Adams' Regiment.
FROM “WIRT ADAMS’ REGIMENT CAVALRY” [taken from Dunbar Rowland’s “Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898”]:
In the latter part of March, 1865. General Adams marched his brigade, including Wood's Regiment, from Jackson to Macon and West Point, to join General Forrest, and was ordered to meet Croxton's Brigade of the Federal expedition under General Wilson. Adams marched with his command from Columbus to Pickensville [Alabama], April 5, and on the 6th attacked the rear of Croxton's column, causing it to turn from the Eutaw road toward Tuscaloosa. Adams pursued through the day but could not force Croxton to turn and give battle until about dark, when the Federal cavalry halted in a very favorable position. They were soon driven by a gallant charge of Wood's Regiment, in which Captain Luckett fell, leading his squadron. Thence Croxton retreated on the gallop toward Tuscaloosa. The roads were almost impassable. Adams lost 9 killed and 25 wounded. The Federal loss he estimated at 75 killed and captured, and he took all the ambulances and personal baggage of General Croxton.
Colonel Moorman wrote from Canton May 4: "Should the war cease now you would have the honor of having won the last victory on Confederate soil and in the Confederate cause."
This was the last battle of regular troops, at least. The fights at West Point, Ala., April 16, and near Talladega, April 23, were by the reserves.
In camp near Gainesville, Ala., May 6, the regiment adopted resolutions of compliment to General Adams. Lieut.-Col.. S. B. Cleaveland was chairman, Lieut. John E. Sugg, Company E; Sergt.-Maj. William Laughlin and John E. Barlow, color bearer, were secretaries. The committee on resolutions was Lieut. C. F. Enzury, A; Lieut, A. Puryear, B; Lieut. Private [sic] John Creight, D; Sergt. Robert W. Caruthers, E; Sergt. O. S. Smith, F; Lieut. J. M. Love, G; Capt. M. B. Bowie, H; Corpl. J. Creighton, I; Sergt. J. O. Mobley, K; Sergt. William Gibson, L; Sergt. William Evans, M; Sergt. J. M. Allen and Capt. John Y. Kilpatrick, I. Major Muldrow, Dr. J. M. Allen and Captain Smith of Company D were other officers present.
The regiment was "surrendered near Ramsey Station, Sumter County, Ala., May 4, 1865," according to one account. General Adams' parole is dated Gainesville, Ala., May 12, 1865.