Local Defense Companies

 

(from Dunbar Rowland’s "Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howell’s "For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’)

 

From the Official Records of the War of Northern Aggression:

 

"Under the call of the Governor for companies for local defense, to serve six months, in 1863, a large number of companies were formed throughout the State. A list of twenty-six is given in the AdjutantGeneral's report of November, 1863:

Local defense companies.

Name of company. County. Captain. Description. No. of Men.

Leake Rangers Leake J. Nash Cavalry 36

Capitol Guards Hinds W. W. Hardy Infantry 71

Knox's company Neshoba J. G Knox Cavalry 45

Morgan Riflemen Calhoun C. C. Morgan Cavalry 35

Foote's company Noxubee H. W. Foote Cavalry 25

Yalobusha Rangers Yalobusha L. R. Stewart Cavalry 58

Vaiden Guards Carroll W. J. Booth Infantry 56

Fant's company Noxubee A. E. Fant Infantry 37

Burt's cpmpany West Point William Burr Infantry 43

Barr's company Calhoun A. Barr Infantry 33

Gage's company Louisville W. A. Gage Infantry 44

Choctaw Silver Grays Choctaw G.W.C. Drane Infantry 26

Choctaw Reserves Choctaw James Drane Cavalry 40

Local Guards Wilkinson G. H. Gordon Infantry 28

Semple's company Wilkinson R. Semple Cavalry 22

Slate Springs Calhoun T. K. McCord Cavalry 46

Hightower's Calhoun Thomas Hightower

Cavalry 36

Standefer's Chickasaw J. J. Standefer Infantry 51

Neshoba Rangers Neshoba J. McH. Wilson

Cavalry 32

Terry's company Chunkey Station

P. P. Terry Infantry 20

Foster Creek Rangers Copiah H. G. D. Brown

Cavalry 27

Boomerangs Pontotoc S. H. Taylor Cavalry 24

Wilson's company Pontotoc H. C. Wilson Infantry 27

Williams' company Itawamba Thomas Williams

Infantry 24

Wesson Artillery Choctaw J. C. Kittrell Artillery 39

Noxubee Home Guards Noxubee J. B. McLelland

Cavalry 28"

 

From Rowland:

"Rolls are on file [i.e., at the MS Dept. of Archives & History, 1908] of the following:

Home Guards, company enlisted 19 October, 1863.

Captain -- J. C. Barnes.

Lieutenants -- G. W. Walker, William Norwood, J. P. Touchstone.

Thirty-three non-conscripts.

Capital Guards, organized at the machine shop of J. O. Stevens May 2, 1863, at Jackson.

Captain -- W. W. Hardy.

Lieutenants -- J. F. O'Sullivan, A. F. Cameron, T. Smith.

Original roll, 71.

Brandon Company, Mounted Infantry, local defense, organized 26 April, 1863.

Captain -- William P. Maxey.

Lieutenants -- B. M. Melton, William Thornton.

Enrolled, 59.

Merwin Guards, Reserves.

Captain -- H. Newton Berry.

Lieutenants -- Joseph A. Thompson, Nathaniel M. Collins, William L. Evans.

Company raised at Enterprise by Captain Berry, formerly of Fourteenth Infantry, enrolling officer. [Apparently not the same as Merwin Guards, above.]

Brandon Company, Infantry, local defense, organized 27 April, 1863.

Captain -- Richard Cooper.

Lieutenants -- J. A. Whitfield, L. D. Rhodes.

Enrolled, 55."

 

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Do you have an ancestor in one of these units?   If so, contact the Mississippi Department of Archives and History for his service record.  Then contact us for a membership application.

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