Hams Mississippi Cavalry,
aka 7th Mississippi Cavalry (Hams)
(from Dunbar Rowlands "Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howells "For Dixie Land, Ill Take My Stand)
Company A -- Tishomingo Rangers (raised in Tishomingo County, MS)
Company B -- Hams Company (raised in Tishomingo County, MS)
Company C -- Yates Company (raised in Tishomingo County, MS)
Company D -- Whites Company (raised in Tishomingo County, MS)
Company E -- McNeils Company (raised in Yalobusha County, MS)
Company F -- Gilstraps Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)
Company G -- Mayes Company (raised in Itawamba & Tishomingo Counties, MS)
Company H -- Rees Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)
Company I -- Curlees Company (raised in Noxubee County, MS)
Company K -- Wallis Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)
Colonel -- Thomas W. Ham, killed at Atlanta. Lieutenant-Colonel -- William P. Curlee. Major -- George W. Bynum. Adjutant -- George C. Summey. Surgeon -- M. W. Bynum. Quartermaster -- W. L. Williams. Chaplain -- E. C. McElzea.
This regiment was formed May 3, 1864, by adding two companies to Ham's Battalion of Cavalry, transferred to the service of the Confederate States about the same date (see Ham's 1st Battalion Mississippi State Cavalry). The regiment is entitled Seventh Regiment Cavalry in the State record of commissions, but does not appear to have gained that title in the Confederate organization. It was known as Ham's Regiment.
The companies added to the battalion were Company I (Capts. William P. Curlee and L. R, Burris) and Company K (Capt. J. R. Wallis).
The regiment, with Gholson's Brigade, participated in the attacks of July 6-7, 1864, by the forces under Gen. Wirt Adams, upon the command of General Slocum, between Jackson and Clinton, Miss. Three determined attacks were made in the attempt to cut off Slocum's retreat from Jackson, which he had occupied one day, advancing from Vicksburg. In Ham's Regiment, Capt. W. L. White and Private J. N. Turner were killed and 18 wounded, including Lieut. W. J. Page, dangerously.
July 25 the regiment was with the brigade in the lines of Atlanta, Ga., and on July 28, fighting west of Atlanta under Gen. S. D. Lee, dismounted, in Walthalls Division, they made a desperate charge upon the breastworks in the woods, and sustained heavy losses. Colonel Ham was mortally wounded, and died July 30. Captain Estes, of Company A, and Lieutenant Winters, commanding Company D, were killed; Lieutenant Tatum and Captains Wallis and Burns, commanding companies, were wounded; Lieut. P. B. Wood, wounded and missing; the total casualties being 4 killed and 33 wounded, several of the latter missing.
In December, 1864, General Gholson was severely wounded in command of a part of his brigade at Egypt, fighting the last of Grierson's raids. While posted ten miles south of Columbus, the brigade was consolidated as Ashcraft's Regiment, under an order of General Chalmers, made February 18, 1865. This command, of which Curlee was Lieutenant-Colonel, was assigned to Armstrong's Brigade, which made a gallant fight against odds, in the works at Selma, Ala., April 2, 1865. Here a considerable number were killed, wounded or captured. General Long, whose division made the assault, reported on his side, 42 killed, 270 wounded.
The officers and men were finally paroled in May, 1865, under the capitulation of Lieut.-Gen. Richard Taylor, May 4. (Also see Second Cavalry, Lowry; Third Cavalry, McGuirk; Ashcraft's Consolidated Regiment).
Do you have an ancestor in this unit? If so, contact the Mississippi Department of Archives and History for his service record. Then contact us for a membership application.