7th Battalion Mississippi Infantry (Terral’s)

 

(from Dunbar Rowland’s "Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howell’s "For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’)

 

Company A -- Jasper County Company (raised in Jasper County, MS)

Company B -- Beauregard Defenders (raised in Jasper & Perry Counties, MS)

Company C -- Jones County Rebels (raised in Jones County, MS)

Company D -- Mississippi Rangers (raised in Clarke County, MS)

Company E -- Mississippi Sharpshooters (raised in Clarke County, MS)

Company F -- Renovators (raised in Jones County, MS)

Company G -- Covington Sharpshooters (raised in Covington County, MS)

 

Lieutenant-Colonels -- James S. Terral, died of wounds at Corinth; L.B. Pardue, killed in Georgia.

The Covington County Sharpshooter appear to have been originally intended to be part of the 27th Mississippi Infantry.

The first six companies assembled at Quitman, Clarke County, May 3, 1862, were mustered into the service of the Confederate States and organized by the election of Lieutenant-Colonel Terral and Major Welborn. In June the battalion was joined by Company G. After some time in camps of instruction at Quitman and Enterprise the battalion was ordered in September to Saltillo, and attached to the brigade of Gen. M. E. Green, in Major-General Sterling Price's Army of the West. They were with Price in the movement to Iuka, where a battle was fought September 19, 1862. The battalion was actively engaged in the battle of Corinth, October 3-4, with casualties of 6 killed and 23 wounded. Lieutenant-Colonel Terral received wounds from which he died. There was a fight at Hatchie Bridge on the retreat, and the battalion moved with Price and Van Dorn by way of Ripley back to Oxford and thence to Grenada during Grant's advance along the railroad from Memphis. With Hebert's Brigade of Maury's Division, they moved to Yazoo City and took boat for Snyder's Bluff, arriving December 31, 1862, just at the close of the attack along that line by General Sherman. In February, 1863, the battalion was reported 171 effective. They remained with Hebert's Brigade at Snyder's Bluff until the night of May 17-18, when, Pemberton having retreated across the Big Black, they marched to Vicksburg, and by 8 o’clock of the 18th were in line in the trenches just in time to meet the advance of Grant's army, and give his victorious troops a check. Hebert's position was in the main works on the immediate right of the Jackson road and extending to the left as far as and including the main redan on the Graveyard road. The Seventh Battalion was first posted between the Thirty-seventh and Thirty-sixth Regiments on the left of this line, The skirmishers were driven in that evening and the bombardment began, which continued for forty-seven days and nights. A determined assault was made upon that part of the line held by the two regiments and battalion on the 19th, and on the 22d an even more serious attempt was made to carry the position, but both were repulsed. June 2 the two regiments and battalion were moved to the right of the brigade, the battalion and Thirty-sixth Regiment on the extreme right. The redan of the Third Louisiana was blown up by a mine explosion June 25, and on July 1 the main redan at the left of the Jackson road was destroyed in the same way. The Union works were now so close and so elevated that Hebert's men were kept busy day and night rebuilding and raising their own works to have protection from the sharpshooters and artillery. July 4, at 10 o'clock, they stacked arms in front of the works, and marched back to bivouac, where they were paroled. The brigade had 2,186 paroled; 219 had been killed; 455 wounded. Capt. A. M. Dozier was paroled as commanding officer of the battalion. Capt. S. C. Pearson and Lieutenant J.C.C. Welborn had been killed; Captain W. T. Baylis, who had been elected Major, had died of wounds. The total casualty list was 17 killed, 33 wounded.

In parole camp at Enterprise the battalion was reorganized. Hebert's Brigade was commanded for a time by Gen. W. W. Mackall, until he was made Chief of Staff of Johnston's army in Georgia. The brigade was listed in February in Maury's army of Mobile. In the Georgia campaign the battalion was attached to the brigade of Gen. C. W. Sears, made up of parts of Hebert's and Moore's Brigades, in Gen.. S.G. French's Division of the Army of the Mississippi, commanded by Lieut.-Gen. Polk, after his death at Kenesaw Mountain known as Stewart's Corps, Army of Tennessee. The brigade arrived at the scene of battle near Resaca, Ga., May 16, and thereafter was almost continuously engaged on the line which swung down around and past Atlanta. The various returns show Capt. W. A. Trotter, Lieut. A. J. Farmer, Capt. S. D. Harris, in command of the battalion. The casualties of the battalion were: At Cassville, 1 missing; at New Hope church, 3 wounded, 8 missing; at Latimer House, 1 killed, 2 wounded, 5 missing; at Kenesaw Mountain, 4 killed, 8 wounded, 60 missing; at Smyrna, 3 wounded, 1 missing; at Chattahoochee River, 1 killed, 2 wounded, 6 missing; at siege of Atlanta, 3 wounded; at Lovejoy's Station, 1 killed, 1 missing; Total, 7 killed, 21 wounded, 82 missing. Lieut-Col. Pardue and Capt. L. B. Borden were killed in the Georgia campaign. Captain Harris, appointed to command the battalion, was Inspector-General of Sears' Brigade.

The battalion took part in the attack of French's Division upon the works held by General Corse at the railroad cut near Allatoona, October 5, 1864, during Hood's campaign against Sherman's communications. In this memorable battle the casualties of the battalion were 1 killed, 13 wounded, 16 missing.

The division captured the blockhouse at Tilton, Ga., October 13; was next in battle before Decatur, Ala., October 26-29; moved thence to Tuscumbia, crossed the Tennessee River November 20; moved upon Columbia and took part in the flank movement toward Spring Hill, followed Schofield's corps to Franklin and participated in the attack at Franklin by Stewart's and Cheatham's Corps. Among the "foremost of the forlorn hope" that reached the ditches of the inner line of works, after surviving a terrible crossfire of artillery, were the following of the Seventh Battalion: Company A -- Corporal M. J. Albritton; Company B -- Capt. George D. Hartfield and Private M. Glover (both wounded near the inner line), Privates H. Steward, W. B. McDonald; Company E -- Corporal W. W. Jordan; Company G -- Capt. A. J. Thompson, wounded near second line; Company F -- Private W. Carter.

After this the brigade was with Forrest at Murfreesboro, fighting at Overall's Creek, December 4, and in front of Murfreesboro December 7; and on Walthall's line at Nashville December 15-16; crossed the Tennessee River December 26, and marched to winter quarters in northeast Mississippi.

French's Division was ordered to report to General Maury at Mobile, February 1, 1865. The return of March 10 showed Sears' Brigade commanded by Col. Thomas N. Adair, the Seventh Battalion commanded by Capt. Samuel D. Harris.

The remnant of the battalion were among the defenders of Spanish Fort, east of Mobile, and being captured there April 8, 1865, were sent as prisoners of war to Ship Island, and from there to Meridian, where they were paroled.

 

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