4th Louisiana Battery

(from Dunbar Rowland’s “Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898”; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howell’s “For Dixie Land, I’ll Take My Stand’)

Captain -- Archibald J. Cameron. Lieutenants -- T. Jefferson Key, R.H. Truly, George M. Brown.

Captain Cameron, Second Lieutenant of the Jefferson Flying Artillery [which see], returned home after the battle of Shiloh, and was commissioned by the War Department to raise a battery to operate on the west coast of the [Mississippi] River. He enlisted 140 in Jefferson County, MS, and Tensas Parish, LA. They took part in the engagements at Choctaw Bayou, Yellow Bayou, on the Red River with the Banks Expedition, at Ashton with the Marine Brigade, at fortifications below G. Lake, Ark. The strength of the company was 138 in April 1865. Captain Cameron writes: “I can say I surrendered the last organized battery in the Confederate army.”

In addition to the above actions, Arthur W. Bergeron, preeminent Louisiana Confederate historian, in his “Guide to Louisiana Confederate Military Units, 1861-1865” [available from LSU Press, Baton Rouge, LA 70803], notes that the battery operated with the 3rd LA Cavalry opposite Vicksburg while Grant was attempting his grand canal and that the battery was involved in several skirmishes with Grant’s forces there. The battery also helped destroy or damage several Federal transports in 1864. Bergeron notes that the battery moved to Marshall, TX, for repairs in early 1865 and was surrendered there in June.