12th Mississippi Cavalry
(aka 16th Confederate Cavalry)
(from Dunbar Rowlands "Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898"; company listing courtesy of H. Grady Howells "For Dixie Land, Ill Take My Stand)
Company A -- Williams Company Independent Cavalry (raised in AL)
Company B -- Ryans Company (raised in Lowndes County, MS)
Company C -- Morgans Company (raised in Monroe County, MS)
Company D -- Deuprees Company (raised in AL)
Company E -- Reds Company (raised in Holmes County, MS)
Company F -- Moores Company (raised in Chickasaw, Itawamba, Lowndes, Monroe, Pontotoc & Tishomingo Counties, MS)
Company G -- Nabors Company (raised in Lowndes & Monroe, Counties, MS, "and other places")
Company H -- Isbells Company (raised in Jasper County, MS)
Company I -- Lynchs Company (raised in Chickasaw & Lowndes Counties, MS)
Company K -- Lowrys Company (raised in Noxubee County, MS)
Company L -- Maxeys Company (raised in Rankin County, MS)
Name changed to Sixteenth Confederate Cavalry.
Colonel -- Charles G. Armistead. Lieutenant-Colonel -- Philip B. Spence. Major -- William Yerger, Jr.
This regiment was organized of Alabama and Mississippi unassigned companies after Sherman's raid to Meridian, February, 1864.
In March, 1864, in preparing a brigade of cavalry for the defense of Richmond, Va., it was suggested in the War Department that Colonel Armistead "bring seven companies out of the ten recently assigned to him and Lieutenant-Colonel Hamilton," and with the three companies in the Jeff Davis Legion, form a Mississippi Regiment for Gary's Brigade. But the brigade was otherwise formed.
May 1., Gen. S. D. Lee, at Demopolis, Ala., was notified that Gen. Gideon J. Pillow would report to him, with orders to complete a brigade, including Armistead's Regiment. Lee ordered the regiment to report to Pillow at Selma to be armed. Lee at this time moved Jacksons Division to the prairies around Columbus.
Pillow wrote from Oxford, Ala., June 10, "I have only the three small regiments, Armistead's, Ball's and Thomas'." The Twelfth Mississippi Cavalry, Colonel Armistead, was part of the command of General Pillow in his raid upon Sherman's communications June, 1864, Armistead commanding one of the cavalry brigades, including his regiment. Armistead drove in the Federal pickets at Lafayette, Ga., June 24, and took possession of the town, except that the courthouse, jail and hotel, which were held by the Federal troops, who resisted several attacks, in which the Twelfth Regiment lost 12 killed and 13 wounded, Colonel Armistead being dangerously wounded, and Major Redwood killed. During the struggle to capture the garrison a body of Federal cavalry sent out from Chattanooga arrived and made a sudden charge that stampeded the horses and compelled a hasty retreat. General Pillow returned with his command to Blue Mountain, Ala.
August 21, 1864, Armisteads Regiment, Lieut.-Col. Philip B. Spence commanding; Sept. 1, return of Armistead's Cavalry, Col. Charles P. Ball commanding, headquarters Talladega, Ala. Armisteads Regiment, present for duty 32 officers, 302 men; aggregate present and absent 750.
Listed November 20, 1864, Sixteenth Confederate, Col. Charles G. Armistead, in Armistead's Brigade (otherwise Alabamian), in district of Central Alabama, Gen. Dan W. Adams.
In December, on receiving news of a Federal expedition from Pensacola to Pollard, Ala., Colonel Armistead moved his brigade to Bluff Springs, a march of 150 miles in fifty-four hours, and pursued the expedition on its return, December 16-17, General McKean, commanding at Pensacola, reported that "considerable severe fighting took place at all the streams from the Little Escambia to Pine Barren Creek." Colonel Robinson, commanding the expedition, was severely wounded, and in his troops 17 killed and 64 wounded. General Beauregard reported that our forces "acted with spirit and gallantry."
February 18, a detachment of the regiment was assigned to Armstrongs Brigade, in Mississippi, at the reorganization under General Chalmers. March 18, portion of Twelfth Regiment, reporting to Colonel Wade, transferred to Dillon's Second Regiment. Forrest's headquarters, Pickensville, Ala.
March 10, 1865, Sixteenth Confederate, Lieut.-Col. Spence, in Armisteads Brigade. near Mobile. Armistead took command of cavalry at Pollard during Federal advance frown Pensacola, March 12.
Order of War Department, March 24, 1865, the ten companies of Mississippi Cavalry under the command of Col. C. G. Armistead will constitute the Twelfth Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry. The regiment. commanded by Lieut.-Col. Spence, participated in the defense of Spanish Fort. east of .Mobile Bay, in March, 1865, and served as rear guard during the evacuation of Mobile and retreat to Demopolis. .Major. Cox, commanding officer of the regiment, and the battleflag were captured April 15, about six miles from, Tuskegee, Ala.., by Private Shoef, Third Ohio Cavalry. April 28, Union officer reported that Colonel Spences Cavalry was at the State line with pickets out to Citronelle.
Lieut.-Gen. Richard Taylor capitulated at Citronelle, May 4, 1865.
Do you have an ancestor in this unit? If so, contact the Mississippi Department of Archives and History for his service record. Then contact us for a membership application.