10th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry

(aka 12th Battalion, Mississippi Cavalry)

(from "A Military History of Mississippi, 1803-1898," by Dunbar Rowland)

Company A -- Mull’s Company (raised in Pontotoc County, MS)

Company B -- Warren’s Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Company C -- Cox’s Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Company D -- Beacham’s Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Company E -- Walker’s Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Company F -- Chickasaw Mounted Guards (raised in Chickasaw County, MS); also, the Dixie Cavalier’s (raised in Georgia); and, Peek’s Company (raised in Jasper County, MS)

Company G -- Pound’s Company (raised in Itawamba & Monroe Counties, MS)

Company H -- Baxter’s Company, aka McCullough’s Avengers, afterward the Beauregard Scouts (raised in Tippah County, MS)

Company I -- Stephens’ Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Company K -- Lyle’s Company (raised in Itawamba County, MS)

Inge’s Battalion is mentioned in the official reports as operating in northeast Mississippi in March 1863. April 10, ordered to report to General Chalmers, but afterward allowed to remain in Ruggles’ district, the northeast. April 22, Inge’s Battalion was part of the force under Colonel Barteau, who attacked at Palo Alto the Federal column which diverged from the main body of Grierson's command, south of Houston, for a raid to Macon, and compelled it to retreat rapidly to Lagrange, by way of Okolona. Barteau followed and fought another engagement at Camp Creek, near Birmingham, in which Inge's Battalion behaved with particular gallantry.

May 5, the battalion, under Capt. P. A. Mann, with Barteau's command, fought Cornyn's expedition, Cornyn sustaining a small loss in killed and captured. Mann was the first to meet the enemy, at Reece's bridge. This raid by Cornyn's Brigade of Dodge's Cavalry Division, was to cover the famous raid by Colonel Streight against the Atlanta and Chattanooga Railroad, Streight starting out from Tuscumbia April 26. Gholson and Ruggles were not able to make effective resistance to Cornyn's four regiments, and Cornyn reported the taking of 81 prisoners and the destruction of "immense quantities of arms, coats and blankets." May 24, Ruggles reported the battalion in vicinity of Okolona.

August 27, 1863, listed as Twelfth Regiment in brigade of Gen. S. W. Ferguson, headquarters Okolona, with Second Alabama and Second Tennessee. Gen. S. D. Lee in his report of inspection, September 1, called it the Twelfth Mississippi Partisan Rangers. It was then "mostly without accouterments."

September 7, 1863, Colonel Inge's command moved from Fulton against a Federal raid from Jacinto. October 4, they, with Richardson's command, were engaged in battle with the Third Michigan Cavalry. Colonel Richardson reported that "Colonel Inge with his regiment, the Twelfth Mississippi, engaged the enemy in the suburbs of New Albany, but retired to a wooded creek bottom, where he held his position gallantly, though shelled by the Federal artillery until 4 o'clock, when the Reneau battery' silenced the enemy's guns." Then Inge and Green advanced and regained possession of the town, and their commands, on foot, pursued the retreating column for some distance. On the 8th they joined General Chalmers in the raid to Colliersville, Tenn., participating in the attack upon the fort there, October 11th, held by a portion of an Indiana Regiment and General Sherman with a battalion of regulars. After five hours' fighting Chalmers fell back to Byhalia, where Colonel Richardson, left in command by General Chalmers, for some hours held his ground, October 12, against Hatch's cavalry division. Inge's Regiment participated in this fight and the one later in the day near Wyatt, Inge and the Reneau Battery acting as rear guard while the Confederate cavalry crossed the Tallahatchie. The casualties of the regiment were 18 wounded in this expedition.

In the regimental organization the field officers were Colonel William M. Inge, Lieutenant-Colonel William M. Pound.

Twelfth Mississippi Battalion, Col. W. M. Inge, in Ferguson's Brigade, Jackson's Division, in organization of cavalry under Gen. S. D. Lee, January, 1864. January 26, the Twelfth Battalion, then on a scout to the line of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, was recalled by Ferguson, who moved to Jackson, and out to Clinton to meet Sherman's advance toward Meridian, thence fell back to cover the roads to Canton and Madison Station, and on the 8th marched to Morton, but too late to get between Sherman and the rear of General Polk's command. After some exhaustive movements to cover Polk's and Loring's commands, he made a forced march to Starkville with his brigade and Wirt Adams'. and thence back to Sherman's column. driving in foraging parties near LaFlore's Ferry. Thence he skirmished with Sherman's rear guard up to Livingston.

In the spring of 1864 Jackson's Cavalry Division, including Ferguson's Brigade, which was made up of the Inge's, Ferrin's, and Miller's Cavalry, and the Second and Fifty-sixth Alabama, was moved to Northern Alabama. They moved from Columbus to Tuscaloosa early in May, and Ferguson was ordered to cover General Polk's army at Blue Mountain in the direction of Gadsden, when the army moved from Demopolis to Blue Mountain, May 6. May 8, ordered to Kingston. May 10, about 2,000 effective. First of cavalry brigades to reach Georgia; arrived at Rome May 13; ordered to Calhoun May 14; guarding bridge on Etowah May 22; turned over to Army of Tennessee May 22; in operations about Dallas; on the skirmish line, in June, before Marietta, dismounted; June 26, with Jackson's Division in rear of Sherman; burned bridge over Noyes' Creek. near Powder Springs.

August 12, General Sears mentions fifty men of Pound's dismounted regiment on his picket line. September return, Twelfth Mississippi Battalion, Capt. George F. Peek, in Ferguson's Brigade. The brigade was attached to the cavalry command of Gen. Joseph Wheeler.

With General Wheeler's Cavalry, Inge's, Perrin's and Miller's Regiments were engaged in the following engagements in Georgia during Sherman's march to Savannah:

Jonesboro, November 15: Lovejoy Station and Bear Creek, 16th; Towaligo, 17th; Run's Creek, 18th; Ulcofaw, 19th; near Macon, 20th; Walnut Creek, 20th; Griswoldville, 21st; Myrack's Mill, 22d; Ball's Ferry, 24th; Oconee, 25th; Sandersville, 25th; Ogechee, 26th; Sylvan Grove, Swampy Creek, River Creek, Hill, Whitehead and Waynesboro 27th; near Waynesboro, at Garter's, Buckhead Church, Reynold's Farm, 28th; near Louisville. 29th and 30th; Shady Grove, December 1: Rock Creek Church, 2d; Thomas Station, 3d; Waynesboro, 4th; Stateboro, 5th; near Jacksboro, 6th; Black Creek, 7th; Savannah River, 7th; Ebenezer Church, 8th; engagement of rear guard, 9th and 10th; siege of Savannah, where Wheeier had 128 killed and wounded.

By order of the War Department, January 17, 1865, the nine companies of Inge's Twelfth Mississippi Battalion Cavalry, with Company C, of the Fifty-sixth Alabama Regiment, a Mississippi company, which is hereby transferred, will constitute the Tenth Regiment Mississippi Cavalry.

Tenth Regiment, Colonel lnge commanding. listed in Ferguson's Brigade, Iverson's Division, Wheeler's Cavalry, January 31, 1865. Served in the Carolina campaign. A portion of the regiment was in the Mississippi District, assigned to the command of Col. W. B. Wade, March 3. Colonel Frank White, Seventeenth Indiana, reported the capture of a large portion of the Tenth Mississippi at Selma, April 2, 1865.

 

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